A motorbike can go fast because there is an engine that works hard enough. Why can the machine produce so much energy that it makes the motor go fast? machines actually cannot produce energy, they only convert energy from chemical energy to motion energy.
The process of changing this energy is the combustion system between gasoline, air and sparks. However, if you look at the combustion system, there are several models. This is because the engine on a motorcycle is not only one type, there are at least 4 types of engines that are widely used on motorbikes. Then what are the machines? and what is the explanation and advantages of each machine? see the full review below.
Types of Engines in Motor
1. 2 stroke engine
Whether you have a Kawasaki Ninja RR, or a Yamaha RX-King, or a Fiz R then it is an example of a motorbike that uses a 2-stroke engine. A two stroke engine is a vehicle engine that uses only two steps in a cycle. Because of the short steps, the engine power will be much greater than the 4 stroke version because it has a more frequent combustion intensity.
It’s just that, fuel consumption and engine emissions 2 are not less friendly. Just try to look at the two stroke motorcycle exhaust, it will definitely appear white smoke even though it is thin.
That is what makes 2-stroke engines respond and car makers are more focused on developing 4-stroke engines.
2. 4 stroke engine
Furthermore, this machine is most widely used in existing motors. Four stroke engines have four working steps in one engine cycle occurring sequentially. Because the cycle is more sequential and regular, the combustion power can be more efficient and the emission can be reduced quite thinly.
As for power, it can be said to be inferior to the two-stroke version because the different combustion intensity is two times lower than the 2 stroke engine. However, in terms of fuel efficiency, of course the 4 engine is not the winner. Therefore, both motorbikes and cars now use the 4 stroke principle in the engines used.
3. Carburetor engine
The word carburetor refers to the “carburetor” component, which functions as the door for gasoline to exit to the intake manifold while mixing gasoline molecules with air molecules. This carburetor works with the difference in pressure between the space inside the intake and the gas storage chamber in the carburetor bowl, the pressure inside the intake is lower so that gasoline can come out into the intake manifold automatically.
The advantage of this carburetor system is its flexibility because we can make settings at will to determine whether it will be tuned to racing or saving settings. However, seen from the fuel consumption and emissions, it is still worse than the type of engine that we will discuss in point 4 below.
4. Injection machine
This type is a type of machine that is booming used in two-wheeled vehicles. Actually the engine injection system has been applied since the early 2000s on cars. However, on motorbikes, the echo began to be heard since 2010.
The injection system is a carburetor replacement gasoline supply system, meaning that the injection motorbike no longer has a carburetor, only has a gas valve and an injector that is placed in front of the intake valve. In general, machines with injection systems have many advantages because this system uses realtime computer-based calculations.
From the maximum power, the emission is more friendly, and the most important thing is the very efficient use of gasoline. But for those of you who have an injection motor, you have to keep the electricity on your motorbike so it doesn’t have low voltage or overvoltage.
This is because the injection system uses electrical energy as a communication medium between the sensor-ECU-injector. If there is an electrical problem, the communication of the three components will be disrupted so that the fuel supply to the injector will be disrupted (inaccurate).
Of the four types above, which one is the best?
Obviously the injection engine is the best because it is very emission friendly, and the overall performance is very good. Meanwhile, in terms of power and gasoline consumption, it is relative. If the engine capacity is large, it will have a large power and wasteful gasoline consumption even though it uses injection technology.